Untitled (Yellow, Red and Blue), Mark Rothko
Michael Carini | SHOP NOW
Fractured Realities And Dreams Brought To Light
This painting tells the story of a female phoenix rising from the ashes
Michael Carini | Art Shop
“The Up-Side of Down” was inspired by a 2009 assault and battery that hospitalized Carini with multiple facial fractures, severe eye trauma, and a concussion. Carini’s signature icon, which he saw flashing in his head during his concussive state, is a key repeating element in this series that represents life growing from death and discovering the positives in negatives.
Featured: The Insatiable Monster Eating Away At Me From The Inside. Acrylic, Vodka, and Xanax on Panel. This painting takes a deep dark journey into personal demons and the things that eat away at the soul. Simultaneously, it reflects upon the simple and pure beauty of the battle back from those deep dark places. Sometimes is may even appear pretty on the outside while crumbling from within. We’ve all seen these places and some of us are still there. Keep fighting.
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In this issue, we celebrate the lives, achievements, and contributions of medieval women. From the poetry of early sixteenth century Korean muse Hwang Jini, to the bravery of Maria Comnena in the crusader states, to the magic of Iceland’s Þorbjǫrg, the myth of “Queen Maker” Melusine, and the piety Saint Bridget of Sweden, we criss-cross the globe to learn more about women’s lives, and challenge the myth that they lived in an age where they were viewed solely as second class citizens. We also examine the ways in which women navigated work in fourteenth century France, how the changing definitions of witchcraft impacted women’s lives, and how perceptions of women evolved in medieval literature. Last but not least, we talk to the Five-Minute Medievalist, and share a book excerpt with you! We hope you enjoy this exciting, jam-packed issue!
By Anne Leader
Caligula was named emperor by the Roman Senate on 18 March 37 CE. He maintained the formula for imperial portraiture established by his predecessors Tiberius and Augustus to stress unity and continuity of imperial leadership. This propaganda was especially important to the Julio-Claudians, who had difficulty producing sons as heirs to the imperial throne.
Caligula was the son of Germanicus (d. 19) and the great-nephew of the emperor Tiberius, himself only the stepson of Augustus, Thus, in keeping with the Julio-Claudian “look,” we see Caligula as youthful, with an angular face, protruding ears, and short hair combed forward over the forehead. Caligula’s pride, however, often comes through in his portraits. He was known more for his opulence and extravagance than effective governing, and his rule was cut short by assassination in 41 CE.
Ancient writers like Philo and Seneca described Caligula as insane, sex-crazed, and concerned only with himself and his pleasures. Suetonius and Cassius Dio went so far as to accuse him of incest. Though these claims may have merely been part of a campaign to underscore Caligula’s failures as emperor and unpopularity, his infamy continues to capture the imaginations of authors, filmmakers, and gamers.
Emperor Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus, known as Caligula, marble. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Rogers Fund, 1914 (14.37).
Bust of Caligula, marble. Copenhagen, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek.
Roman sestertius depicting Caligula, ca. 38 CE. The reverse shows Caligula’s three sisters, Agrippina, Drusilla and Julia Livilla, with whom Caligula was rumoured to have carried on incestuous relationships.
Caligula and Rome, cameo, 37-41 CE. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.